Prepared for

The Royal Geographical Society - HK


This talk charts the history and development of the Big Bang theory i.e. the origin of the universe its planets, stars and galaxies. The term Big Bang was a flippant comment made by Fred Hoyle, who was not a supporter of the theory, on a BBC radio programme in 1949. The talk continues to explore the life and death of stars and how they are responsible for the formation of the 92 elements that make up, not only us but everything around us. The ultimate fate of dying stars are responsible for some of the more unusual features of the universe – white dwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars and black holes.

The talk is highly visual with images and video clips from NASA and the European Space Agency.

Proposed Lecture



Dr Paul Ian Riley B.Sc. (1st class honours, chemistry), M.Sc., Ph.D., Science Research Council Research Fellow (University of Sussex, 1976-1978.). Employed 30 years with Unilever. Retired & now part-time consultant.

Lecture Experience:


  • Extensive world-wide presentation experience with Unilever

  • Lecturer in Unilever’s global technology training workshops

  • Lectured to university departments, consultancy groups, industrial companies, schools (ranging from infants through to senior schools), professional bodies, Women’s Institutes, Church groups and library groups

  • Lectured at sea with Viking, Celebrity, Princess, Thomson, Fred Olsen and CMV.

  • Proficient in PowerPoint

Dr Paul Riley B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D.